The biography of Andreas Achenbach (1815 - 1910)

Andreas Achenbach (September 29, 1815 - April 1, 1910) was a German landscape painter Born at Cassel and died in Düsseldorf. His brother Oswald was also a painter.

Achenbach began his art education in 1827 at the Düsseldorf Academy of Painting. He studied at St Petersburg, and then travelled extensively in Holland, Scandinavia, and Italy, where he produced many water-colours.

In his early work he followed the pseudo-idealism of the German romantic school, but on removing to Munich in 1835, he turned his talent into new channels. He is a master of technique, and is important as a pioneer of the German realist school. His paintings of the North Sea coasts of Europe had considerable influence in Germany, and he came to be regarded as the father of 19th-c German landscape painting.

A number of his finest works are to be found at the Berlin National Gallery, the New Pinakothek in Munich, and the galleries at Dresden, Darmstadt, Cologne, Düsseldorf, Leipzig and Hamburg.