The biography of Francesco Bacchiacca (1494 - 1557)

Francesco Bacchiacca was also known as Bachiacca or Bacchiacca, Francesco d’Ubertino Verdi or Francesco Ubertini. He was an Italian painter and draughtsman, born in Borgo San Lorenzo, near Florence, in 1494 whose work is characteristic of the Florentine Mannerist style.

He was a student of Umbrian painter, Pietro Perugino (1446 –1524), but also collaborated with other artists of the time such as Franciabigio (1482 – 1525) and Pontormo (1494 – 1557). His style feature many influences. For example – in his work Adam and Eve with their Children (c. 1517; Philadelphia, PA, Mus. A.), the figures of the parents are borrowed from Perugino’s Apollo and Marsyas (Paris, Louvre), but the landscape comes from Albrecht Dürer’s print of Adam and Eve (1504) and the children are taken from God Appearing to Noah , engraved by Marcantonio Raimondi. The curious transformation of Perugino’s Apollo into Eve is telling evidence of Bacchiacca’s unfamiliarity with the nude, a shortcoming he never overcame.

In 1523 he worked with Jacopo Pontormo and Franciabigio on bedroom decorations for Giovanni Benintend. That was an influential collaboration which led to his adoption of a more Mannerist style.

However, by the early 1540’s, he returned to more conventional classicism based on Michelangelo’s models. Later on, he provided designs for tapestries. By this time the second generation of Mannerists: Agnolo Bronzino, Giorgio Vasari, and Francesco Salviati; had become rich sources of motifs for Bacchiacca's art.

He died in 1557 in Florence.