The biography of Thomas Worthington Whittredge (1820 - 1910)

Thomas Worthington Whittredge (1820 - 1910) was a highly regarded Americanartist of his time and was friends with several leading Hudson River School artists including Albert Besnard and Sanford Robinson Gifford.

Whittredge was born in a log cabin near Springfield, Ohio, May 22, 1820. He painted landscapes and portraits as a young man in Cincinnati before traveling to Europe in 1849 to further his artistic training. He studied in Paris, Düsseldorf, and Rome before returning to the United States. Arriving in Germany he settled at the Dusseldorf Academy, a major art school of the period, and studied with Emanuel Leutze.

Whittredge spent nearly ten years in Europe. He returned to the United States in 1859 and settled in New York City where he launched his career as a landscape artist painting in the Hudson River School style. Whittredge moved to Summit, New Jersey, in 1880 where he continued to paint for the rest of his life.

He traveled widely and excelled at landscape painting, many examples of which are now in major museums. He served as president of the National Academy of Design from 1874 to 1875 and was a member of the selection committees for the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exposition and the 1878 Paris Exposition, both important venues for artists of the day.

He is numbered among the practitioners of luminism. His paintings contain a minutely executed tonal quality marked by intense illumination, expressing a mysterious, atmospheric silence. Notable works include the Camp Meeting (1874; Metropolitan Mus.) and Third Beach, Newport (Walker Art Center, Minneapolis).a

He died in February 25, 1910 at the age of 89 and is buried in the Springfield, New Jersey cemetery. Whittredge's paintings are now in the collections of numerous museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City and the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington, DC.